How can space technology and R&D contribute to sustainable development?
Our research areas were chosen to focus on Jordan's national priorities, its strengths and its weaknesses, while also contributing to the development of technologies required for future space exploration and the Moon Village. Read more below.
Water Resource Management
Keywords: Water filtration, Recycling, Storage, Distribution.
One of the most water-scarce countries in the world is Jordan. The Current situation of the population's water demands are at its lowest, where the country's renewable water supply only meets about 50% of it. Groundwater is being used twice as quickly as it is recharged. Due to the recent stresses the kingdom has undergone , the country has witnessed a sharp rise in its population which put additional strain on an already stressed water supply. This situation has placed focus on developing more efficient R&D in the area of greywater recycling and seawater filtration.
JSRI is focusing on enhancing this technological initiative with the incorporation of space technology and research, and provide an easy way to integrate space initiatives into this already ongoing research goal.
Keywords: Sustainable Energy Generation, Recycling, Storage, Distribution.
Jordan's challenges regarding its energy situation can be listed in the growing energy demand, not to mention, the very limited domestic resources to fulfill this demand.
Thus, Renewable Energy is one of the main issues at the heart of Jordan’s national strategies. Due to unexpected population growth in recent years and due to the refugee crisis, Jordan’s natural resources are strained. It has placed focus on developing more efficient renewable energy technologies.
This technological initiative may be bettered with the incorporation of space technology and research, and provide an easy way to integrate space initiatives into this already ongoing research goal.
Keywords: In-situ Resource Utilization, Robotic Technologies in harsh environments.
ISRU or in situ resource utilization is utilizing the resources found or manufactured on other astronomical objects(the Moon, Mars, asteroids, old space crafts etc.) by collecting, processing and storing such resources. The goal is to replace the existing that would otherwise be brought from Earth.
As the Jordanian desert is often compared with extraterrestrial land due to some found similarities from its topography and terrain. JSRI is planning to implement space analogs missions related to ISRU robotics in order to test future settlement technologies, given the harsh nature of the environment.
Keywords: Mitigation of dust impacts in harsh environments
The Jordanian desert, and particularly Wadi Rum, often draws comparisons to Mars due to its extremely similar topography and terrain. While this is currently taken advantage of only in the film industry (e.g. as the location in The Martian), it presents a unique opportunity for Jordan to create an analog facility where future settlement technologies can be tested, particularly those related dust mitigation. It also provides a platform for more accurate analog mission scenarios to be carried out, given the harsh nature of the environment.
Smart City Infrastructure
Keywords: Sensing and Technical connectivity for smart cities.
Amman, the capital of Jordan has over 4 million inhabitants and hosts around 400,000 refugees, which has put a lot of pressure on the municipal's services towards the city.
Jordan is introducing a smart solution system to its municipalities to enhance and sustain its services. JSRI will build upon those smart solutions for lunar “smart base” strategies.
Keywords: Farming and Food Storage in remote areas and harsh environments.
Jordan has a partnership with Norway (Sahara Forest Project) to grow food in the desert. Similar technologies may be developed and tested for future lunar bases.
Keywords: Medical and Pharmaceutical Research for women in remote areas or harsh environment.
Gender has a major significance on the health of the human being on earth in addition to space. In Jordan, there are many initiatives and organizations that focus on women's health. JSRI has selected Women’s Health as one of the initiative's focus areas due to the extremely important yet often disadvantaged role that women hold in the Jordanian society as well as in the space industry. According to the Journal of General Internal Medicine, women's health is an umbrella term describing both reproductive health specific to women, as well as the effect of gender on all other aspects of physical and mental health. With that in mind, our goals and research areas aim to contribute to gaps in our knowledge that can make life better on Earth and in space.
In addition, JSRI is aiming to focus on this aspect through conducting medical and pharmaceutical research for women in remote areas and harsh environment.
Keywords: Participatory Practices, Community Involvement and Awareness Campaigns.
Community Engagement was identified as a separate and equally important building block. This is an overarching goal that will impact all different stakeholders and phases of this roadmap. Without appropriate community engagement, the Jordan Space Research Initiative would likely not succeed.